What is a Political Action Committee (PAC)?
Political action committee means an entity, or any group of individuals or entities within or outside this state, a major purpose of which is to:
- Solicit or receive contributions from any other person, group, or entity for political purposes;
- Make expenditures to expressly advocate for any person to refrain from voting or to vote for or against any candidate for a municipal or county office.
Political action committee does not mean:
- A party committee;
- Any entity that provides goods or services to a candidate or committee in the regular course of its business at the same price that would be provided to the general public;
- An individual;
- Individuals who are related and who make contributions from a joint checking account;
- A corporation, except a corporation a major purpose of which is to act as a political action committee; or
- A personal campaign committee.
To view Political Action Committee disclosures, click here.
Any PAC that makes expenditures totaling at least $50 or receives contributions of at least $750 in a calendar year is required to file a financial disclosure report with the Lt. Governor's Office; after reaching one of these thresholds, a PAC is required to file all subsequent reports if it makes any expenditures or receives any contributions within the calendar year.
A PAC does not need to file a report if it received no contributions and made no expenditures during the reporting period.
Due to H.B. 91 (2015), PICs and PACs may not expend a contribution if:
- It is cash or a negotiable instrument;
- Exceeds $50; and
- Is from an unknown source.
Financial Disclosure Report Deadlines
|Type of Report||Due Date||What the report includes||Penalty for failure to file report by due date*|
|Pre-Convention||7 days before the party convention in a regular election year||Expenditures and contributions as of 5 days before the due date.||
|Pre-Primary||7 days before the primary election in a regular election year||Expenditures and contributions since the last report as of 5 days before the due date.||$100 fine|
|September 30||September 30 of every year||Expenditures and contributions since the last report as of 5 days before the due date.||$100 fine|
|Pre-General Election||7 days before the general election of every year||Expenditures and contributions since the last report as of 5 days before the due date.||$100 fine|
|Year-End||January 10th of every year||All expenditures and contributions since the last report through December 31st.||$100 fine|
A PAC must report each contribution within 30 days of receiving it (Utah Code 20A-11-602).
*The deadline to pay a fine to the Lt. Governor's Office is 30 days after the day on which the fine is imposed (S.B. 137).
A PAC must submit an updated Statement of Organization by January 10 of each year until the PAC files a Statement of Dissolution.
Information PACs Must Report (Utah Code 20A-11-602)
PACs must report each contribution within 30 days of the contribution being received.
In addition to the date and amount of the contribution, political action committees are required to disclose the following information for those individuals or groups who make contributions to the PAC:
- The name and address any individual;
- The identification of any publicly identified class of individuals that makes a contribution
- The name and address of any political action committee, group, or entity
- Contributions received by a political action committee that have a value of $50 or less need not be reported individually, but may be listed on the report as an aggregate total. However, two or more contributions from the same source that have an aggregate total of more than $50 may not be reported in the aggregate, but shall be reported separately.
When a political issues committee makes expenditures, it is required to disclose the date and amount of the expenditure and the name and address for each individual or entity that receives more than $50.
Non-monetary/In-Kind Contributions or Expenditures
The PIC must report the fair market value of each non-monetary contribution or expenditure that it receives or makes.
Any political action committee that fails to file its financial disclosure reports may be guilty of a class B misdemeanor and may be subject to a fine of $100. The Lt. Governor is required to report those who fail to file to the Attorney General.Federal Political Action Committees
State law does not prohibit federal PACs from donating money to state PACs, PICs, political parties, or candidates. Federal PACs making political expenditures in Utah are required to comply with Utah's financial disclosure laws.